The name is undoubtedly linked to the large size of the building but derives above all from the fact that nearby there was a colossal statue of Nero and bronze.
In 1990, the Colosseum, along with all the historical center of Rome, the Vatican extraterritorial zones in Italy and the Basilica of St. Paul Outside the Walls, was listed as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO, while in July 2007 was included among the New seven Wonders of the World.
Visit the Colosseum The Colosseum is open to the public almost every day , except December 25 and January 1 , with a time ranging from 9 in the morning to the afternoon - evening ( 17 in winter, 19:30 in summer) .
Sometimes, they are also open to visitors on the third ring and the underground and in the summer , on some days of the week, You can visit the Flavian Amphitheatre even at night.
The entrance fee is valid for 2 days and allows igresso also to the Roman Forum and the Palatine.
The origins The construction took place in the area occupied by the enormous house of Nero 's Domus Aurea , built after the great fire of Rome in 64, which was supposed to be a valley surrounded by the hills of Velia , Palatine, Celio , Opium , and Fagutale and was crossed by a stream that ran in the direction of the Tiber along a path that roughly follows the actual street of San Gregorio.
The presence of the pond was abundantly exploited to save on foundations made ??of travertine pillars resting on a ring of concrete continuous , interrupted only by a few culverts for the flow of groundwater that would otherwise have flooded the entire area.
After killing the emperor's statue was remodeled to depict the sun god , by adding the appropriate solar crown . The Colosseum was then moved from its original location to make way for the Temple of Venus and Rome under Hadrian . The site of the base of the colossal statue after the move and ' currently marked by a modern tufa base .
The Flavian Amphitheater is elliptical in shape , with a circumference of 527 meters , 188 meters along the major axis and the minor axis 156 57 meters high .
Could hold up to 70,000 seats and the arena was 76 meters x 46 . The first 3 floors were made of arches framed by half-columns , the fourth floor and ' scompartito by pilasters and there were inserted the poles that supported the large curtain into wedges to protect the spectators from the sun.
Legends According to some medieval myths, the Colosseum is the entrance that leads directly to the underworld, where, at dusk, the souls of the dead wander in search of eternal peace that perhaps will never find, because 'experts in a violent manner and prematurely.
Another legend says that many plants from distant lands, which are engrafted in the area of the Colosseum, have been brought sandals wayfarers or the legs of the animals sacrificed by evil emperors.