The Roman Forum

The Roman Forum is the archaeological area between Piazza Venezia and the Coliseum, and crossed by the Via dei Fori Imperiali; continuing seamlessly on the Palatine and the Capitol, along with the area of Colosseum and the Arch of Constantine, is the largest and most important archaeological site in the world.
Originally occupied by marshes, the Forum area was reclaimed by one of the first urban works of ancient Rome: the Cloaca Maxima, a large water drainage system, so in the end there was nothing left but a pond, the lacus Curtius, which it must then be marked by a small monument, because now completely disappeared.
In the Forum are gathering virtually all the major public and sacred buildings of the Roman Republic: by some of the oldest Roman temples such as Saturn or sanctuaries of the Dioscuri at different churches like the Basilica Julia and the Basilica Emilia, the oldest, It founded in the second century. C. and whose remains are now to the right as you enter from the entrance on Via dei Fori Imperiali.

The Curia
Climbing the Via Sacra towards the Capitol, on the right, there is an other building of great importance, the Curia , that was the place of meeting of the Senate, the center of power of the Roman Republic. Right in front of this building there is the Comice, ie the square where the meetings were held before that, until the age of Caesar, It took place in the Campus Martius.
The Comice is delimited, in the direction of the Capitol, from the wonderful Arch of Septimius Severus , built in the early years the third century A.D. to depict the important victories of that emperor against the Parthians, who lived in ancient Persia.
Beyond the Arch of Septimius Severus, almost leaning against the foot of the Capitol, there are the remains of other important buildings, as the Temple of Concord , built by Furio Camillo in 367 BC to celebrate the agreement between patricians and plebeians, the Temple of Vespasian  and Temple of Saturn , one of the oldest and most revered temples of Rome, home also of the Aerarium Saturns cash, ie  state treasury.
The square of the Forum is a large open space occupied only by a few remains, among which the Column of Phocas, the last monument was erected area, in honor of the Byzantine Emperor Phocas, in 608 A.D. The short side on the side of the Capitol is occupied by the stands of the Rostra, where the speakers spoke to the crowd assembled in the Comitium.  The forum takes its name from the fact that it was decorated in 338 BC with beaks, namely spurs, placed on the prows of ships  The Romans captured at Anzio.
The tribune of the Rostra is one of the most significant places in the political life of the Roman Republic: here were exposed to the people's heads citizens who were over the lists of those sentenced to death for political reasons including, in 43 BC, also Cicero's head.

On the slopes of the Palatine
On the short side of the square hole is closed by the base of the temple dedicated to Caesar and the crankcase remains of one of the arches dedicated to Augustus. On the long side on the side of the Palatine, however, are the remains of the Basilica Julia. Just behind the Arch of Augustus to the Temple of Vesta and, behind him, the House of the Vestal Virgins, that the priestesses of the temple. Opposed to it is the Temple of Antoninus and Faustina, in front of which stood the Director, one of the oldest buildings around the Roman Forum.
Going back to the Capitol, you meet on the left what is commonly called the Temple of the Divine Romulus and, therefore, the beautiful ruins of the Basilica of Maxentius , building built in the early 4th century A.D. The area of the Forum ends, on the side towards the Colosseum, from the Arch of Titus, built in the time of Domitian to commemorate the victories of Vespasian and Titus over the Jews. Famous is the representation of Tito's triumph, with the legionaries who carry on their shoulders the menorah, the seven-branched candelabrum symbolizing the treasures contained in the Temple of Jerusalem, which was destroyed in A.D. 70, will not be rebuilt.

Tourist information

The entrance fee to the Roman Forum and 'the same as the Colosseum ticket, so the opening hours and the price are:
Opening hours:

  • 08.30 - 18.30: until to the last Saturday of October
  • 08.30 - 16.30: from the last Sunday of October to 15 February
    with last entrance one hour before

    Ticket price: full price € 12.00, reduced € 7.50 (reductions and free 'on the page' Schedules and Tickets' on this site)
    (Price refers if purchased on site)
    The ticket is the same ticket for the Colosseum and is valid for 2 days after first use

  • The Palatine

    Between the valley of the Forum and the Circus Maximus, it is the most important of the seven hills of Rome, where, according to tradition, Romulus drew the furrow within which Roma background.

    Between the late 9th and early 7th century. B.C. the Latins, descended from the hills of Alba Longa, they settled on the Palatine to defend and control the passage of the Tiber Tiber Island, a natural bridgehead between the Etruscans, who occupied the right bank, and the Latins and the Sabines, on the left bank. When the city expanded, the valley at the foot of the hill, which at the time housed a necropolis, was incorporated into the urban system and turned in the Forum, the center of the political and administrative life.
    With the enlargement of the primitive settlement on the nearby hills and the emergence of a larger city, Romulean the city was destroyed and the Palatine Hill, as well as hosting several temples, was chosen because of its central location and healthy for private residences of the rich patricians of republican age.
    Augusto, who was born there on the hill, turned it into the seat of the imperial palaces, becoming erect a house of ample proportions. His successors built even more sumptuous palaces.

    The moon above the Forum

    Every Friday and Saturday until the end of October you will be able to visit the Roman Forum even at night.
    The route begins from Emilia Basilica, where the lights perfectly mark the succession of the columns dividing the basilica space, up to the Sacred Way, Continue in front of the Temple of Divo Giulio and then towards Basilica Iulia to S. Maria Antiqua, admiring along the route the temple of Antonino and Faustina, the Basilica of Massenzio and the Arch of Tito.
    Opening hours: 20.15 - 00.00 with last entry at 22.45
    Ticket Price: Full 20 €, reduced 18 €

    Photo gallery

    The Trajan's Column

    Is the only monument of the Forum basically come down to us.
    The column is comprised of large blocks of marble lunense and rests on a base in the shape of nut, while the free surface is occupied by reliefs representatives Dacian weapons. On the primary side, towards the Ulpia Basilica, there is the entrance, through which you get the internal environment and the spiral staircase that leads up to the top of the column. The most important purpose of the monument, was to serve as the emperor's tomb.
    Emphasis can not celebratory character but rather documentary. Some historians believe that it was the transposition of figurative Commentariii Trajan (narrative of his exploits). This hypothesis is also supported by the topographical position of the column, which is in the midst of two libraries, as well as looking the same relief, which reproduces the shape of an ancient book (volumen).

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