The Colosseum
"As long as the Colosseum, there will Rome when the Colosseum falls, Rome will also fall, but when Rome falls, the world will fall"

The Colosseum underground For the first time in history, on June 26, 2021, the undergrounds of the Colosseum open to the public, which until 2018 were only partially visible.
Romans and tourists from all over the world will then be able to enter what was the stage machine of the largest amphitheater ever built and admire the passages and arches that connected the rooms where gladiators and animals waited, before being catapulted into the arena .


History and structure The undergrounds were not built together with the upper part of the Colosseum but later, under the importer Domitian, second son of Vespasian, thus putting an end to the naumachia, the games that reproduced naval battles.
Consisting of a large central passage along the major axis and twelve curvilinear corridors, in the hypogea of ​​the Colosseum there were the freight elevators that allowed the machinery or animals used in the games to get on the arena and which were probably housed in a series of environments service along the perimeter wall. To raise the scenic materials to the surface from the undergrounds, articulated systems with counterweights and inclined planes were used, of which the holes in the paving of the corridors are still visible today.
A gallery, at the end of the corridor along the major axis towards the east, connected the amphitheater with the nearby Ludus Magnus, where gladiators trained while on the opposite side, towards the Forum, another gallery was probably used for the preparation of the scenography of the shows. Under the east gallery there is a hydraulic conduit which, still today, carries a certain amount of water inside the amphitheater and which, probably, was one of the pits one of the conduits coming from the Celio to feed the lake for the residence of Nero.
This flowing water can be felt very well by visiting the basement of the nearby Basilica of San Clemente which is in fact near the Ludus Magnus.


The Gladiators The first show with gladiators probably took place in 264 BC. and in 105 BC in the forum of Caesar, when the games became public, before the construction of the Colosseum in 80 AD.
The gladiators were generally slaves, criminals sentenced to death or prisoners of war and began their careers by submitting to the lanista who had the right of life and death over them.The preparation lasted years and the training took place in the Ludus Magnu, connected to the Colosseum via an underground corridor.
The categories of gladiators were: Reziari, Secutores, Mirmilloni, Thracians, Dimachaeri and each category had its own peculiarities, in terms of equipment and allowed shots and its own advantages and disadvantages. The most classic fights confronted: the Reziari against the Mirmilloni or the Thracians against the Secutores.


"Besides" the Colosseum


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