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The Gladiators
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Gladiators (the name derives from the sword, a small short sword used very often in combat) have originated from ' habit of most people? free to offer the people, at their own expense, public performances during special circumstances, such duels to the death among slaves at the funeral of some relative.

The first show with gladiators probably took place in 264 BC, in 105 BC games became public and took place in the forum of Caesar. After the Flavian dynasty, which began with the Emperor Flavius Vespasian, there was the construction of pi? larger and more? the world famous Amphitheatre, the Colosseum.
In the fourth century, Emperor Constantine I, after having embraced the Christian faith prohibits them? but their great popularity? made sure that these games continue pi? or less from time to time despite repeated prohibitions, especially in the cities? far from Rome, where the last gladiatorial shows come to be celebrated in the early Middle Ages.

The gladiators were usually slaves, convicted criminals or prisoners of war, all people who in the Roman world did not enjoy any rights or whose lives were considered expendable, while the convicts and prisoners of war, especially equipped to be survivors of years of struggle and suffering, were much sought after.
In some cases, particularly cruel emperors were sending men to death only for their own caprice: it is known that Claudio order? get off to an official of the arena so? as it was (in toga), and Caligula invited? bestias to all visitors to a prison just because? lacked the meat for the animals.

Gladiators began his career by submitting (or being sold) to lanista. The activity? lanista of the Roman world was officially considered one of the most? base (below even the pimps, players and butchers), and he had a right to life and death on gladiators, who had to swear an oath by which they undertook to complete submission to be accepted into the school.
Gladiator swore to "bear the whips, brand, and death by the sword"; these terrible punishments were provided to suppress any hint of rebellion and to condition the minds of the combatants to? they are convinced that their only hope of salvation was to endure every test. The preparation lasted for years, since? the public had become very demanding, and only once this period I was ready to enter the Gladiator arena.
The training was done in the "Gymnasium", which is connected via an underground tunnel at the Coliseum. The gladiators were

categories: Retiarius, Secutores, Mirmilloni, Traci, and Dimachaeri each category had its own peculiarities?, Regarding the equipment and shots allowed and advantages and disadvantages. The fighting more? classical faced each other: the Retiarius Mirmilloni or against the Thracians against Secutores.
It then raced to find new ideas, drawing inspiration from mythological episodes, or search grotesque situations, such as that staged the emperor Domitian, in 90 women had to fight against dwarfs.

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