The Colosseum
"As long as the Colosseum, there will Rome when the Colosseum falls, Rome will also fall, but when Rome falls, the world will fall"

The structure of the Colosseum
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From an architectural point of view the Colosseum is an ellipse of 188 to 156 metres, A total of 527 metres in circumference, almost 50 metres high: outside Starting from a stilobate two steps there are four floors, including three with arches framed by half orders different from the bottom upwards, tuscaniche (similar to Doric but with the base), Ionic and Corinthian. The fourth plan is composed of a kind of attic divided by Corinthian pilasters: in public areas so framed windows open square alternated with shields in relief. In each space are three shelves of travertine, in connection with as many holes in the cornice terminal of the structure. All of this system served to support the pali necessary to sustain the great velario segments that was drawn by some sailors in the fleet based in Miseno to protect viewers. At the top of the structure was completed by a cornice to three bands and a cimasa with a grandiose water drip. The outer wall is not complete: what remains is incorporated in support walls built by Valadier in 1820 by order of Pius VII.

All the holes that "handle" structure are due all'asportazione medieval metal dowels that used to retain the blocks of travertine that covered everything. Inside, then, the structure is divided into segments by some wedges departing from the base: the already cited pillars connected by arches and sometimes climbing, formed by supporting the cavea. The advantage was thus able to allow more yards to continue independently in the construction of the same structure, practically divided into four main shipyards and separate. Without doubt a wonderful example of organization and planning work to be made. The underground are divided by three concentric walls and resulting three corridors hollow: toward the center walls become straight and parallel to the Central, also a corridor. The latter is prolungava in two directions, east and west, even outside of the structure: the branch east reached one of the most important barracks gladiatorie known, Ludus Magnus, still visible on the corner of Via Labicana and route of S. John Lateran. Also outside the majestic structure of the Colosseum are some cippi travertine, discovered in 1895, fixtures in the pavement also travertine: concentric in the same building, had to mark the area of respect. According to another interpretation, were used pensionare ground for the ropes of velario.
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