The Colosseum
"As long as the Colosseum, there will Rome when the Colosseum falls, Rome will also fall, but when Rome falls, the world will fall"

The Pantheon


"The most beautiful remains of Roman antiquity". This is how the writer Stendhal considered it when he saw the Pantheon for the first time.
The Pantheon (Temple of all the gods) was built as a temple dedicated to all deities by Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa, son-in-law of Augustus, in 27 BC. and then rebuilt by Hadrian, between 118 and 128 AD, after the fires of 80 and 110 AD. which had damaged the previous construction.
It was converted into a Christian basilica at the beginning of the 7th century, with the name of Santa Maria ad Martyres, which allowed it to survive almost intact the plundering carried out on the buildings of classical Rome.
Located in the central Campus Martius, the Pantheon is a masterpiece of engineering, inscribed in an exact sphere being 43.44 meters high x the 43.44 meters diameter of the dome which is today the largest dome in the world, surpassing both the dome of San Peter (42.52 m) and the dome of Hagia Sophia in Istanbul (41.47 m).
The floor is slightly convex towards the sides and concave in the center to ensure that the rain that falls inside the temple through the oculus located on the top of the dome, flows towards the 22 drainage holes located in the center.
On the facade the frieze bears Agrippa's inscription in bronze letters: M AGRIPPA L F COS TERTIUM FECIT, which means "Marco Agrippa, son of Lucius, consul for the third time built".
The Pantheon hosts numerous tombs of illustrious artists, from Raffaello Sanzio to Annibale Caracci, from Jacopo Barozzi da Vignola to the musician Arcangelo Corelli, as well as the first kings of Italy, Vittorio Emanuele II and his son Umberto I of Savoy.


Legends and curiosities

  • The dome of the Pantheon is entirely made of concrete (the largest that has ever been built) and has no frame to stand on. To support the skeleton, Hadrian had the Pantheon filled with earth, it is said, mixed with gold coins and, once the work was finished, he invited the Roman citizens to take away the earth and keep the coins. In this way a real crowd developed and the Pantheon was emptied in the blink of an eye.
  • Every year, on the day of Pentecost, a shower of red petals falls from the oculus, to remember the descent of the Holy Spirit on the Madonna and the apostles.
  • Every April 21st, at midday, a ray of sunlight enters the monument from the oculus (the only window on the ceiling) and perfectly frames the entrance door. Hadrian designed the Pantheon in this way (2000 years ago!!) to pay homage to Rome, born on April 21, 753 BC.
    Entry times: the Pantheon is open every day from 9.00 to 19.00 (last entry 18.30)


    Ticket entrance
     
    Entrance ticket + audio guide
     
    Guided tour

  • Besides the Colosseum


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